Nissan engineers have built a micro-robotic car with an advanced collision-avoidance system that draws inspiration from the way a bee flies. It’s called the BR23C (Biomimetic car robot drive) system, and it was developed as part of Nissan’s safety project. The projects goal is to cut in half the number of fatalities or serious injuries in Nissan vehicles between 1995 and 2015.
Bees can fly as full speed and never collide with other objects, unless they are human controlled objects specifically aiming for the bee. Bees actually use their compound eyes to maintain a 300-degree view over their surroundings. That view allows them to make adjustments to their flight path anytime a obstacle is detected.
Similarly, in the robot car, a laser range finder mimics the bee’s eye and scans through 180 degrees for potential obstacles. When one is detected the car’s computer detects the distance and danger and translates this into collision avoidance.